Day of Working Women, now known as Women’s Day, is the day celebrating the economic, political and social empowerment of women and their achievements.
The first informal celebration of the national Women’s day was celebrated in New York the last Sunday in February 1909, as a memorial of a strike of union women in textile industry, which was held the previous year.
At the second International Conference of Socialist Women in 1910 Clara Tekin and Luise Zeit proposed a day of Working Women, which would be celebrated every year. The first official Women’s day was celebrated on 19th of March 1911 in Austria, Germany, Switzerland and in Denmark, where the women demanded the right to vote, the possibility of holding public office and the ending of discrimination at the workplace.
In 1917 the holiday was marked by protest of women in Russia. They protested under the slogan “Bread and Peace” and demanded the end of 1st World War, the end of food shortage and the end of czarism. Protest later led to the October revolution, the resignation of the Tsar and the allocation of voting rights by temporary government. The day was later declared national holiday by Alexander Kollantain and Vladimir Lenin and in 1965 became a work free day.
The Women’s Day is now celebrated in 100 countries, in some countries the holiday lost its importance, but in others remains one of the most important holidays, accompanied by celebrations and remainders that even today women do not have the same rights as men.
On the holiday women gets flowers and chocolate.
Slovenia and Women’s Day
The first female newspaper in Slovenia was released in 1897, a year later the first women’s association was founded.
In 1906 Marija Urbas, as a first Slovenian woman, got her doctorate in philosophy at the University of Graz.
The first advocate for women’s rights was the Slovenian People’s party, which on 15th of May 1920 gave a right to vote to women in municipal elections in 1921 this right was canceled by Belgrade. The women were finally given the right to vote in 1945. 29 years later was also written in SFRY constitution that every woman has the freedom to decide about a birth of children, this was followed by legalization of the right to abort, without any medical reasons. In 1989 started to operate the first phone to help all women and children who have become victims of violence.
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